Antibiotic Resistance |Antibiotic resistance in bacteria| |Side effects of antibiotics|

Antibiotic Resistance |Antibiotic resistance in bacteria| |Side effects of antibiotics|

Antibiotic resistance happens when germs like bacterium and fungus develop the power to defeat the medicine designed to kill them. Which means the bugs or germs aren’t killed and still grow. Effect of antibiotic would not affect viruses.
Antibiotics are the only required for treating certain infections caused by bacteria. If you have a cold or influenza, antibiotics won’t work for you. Antibiotics won’t help for a few common bacterial infections, including most cases of respiratory disease, several sinus infections, and a few ear infections.
Disease caused by antibiotic-resistant germs is sometimes challenging to treat. In most cases, antibiotic-resistant infections need extended hospital stays, further follow-up doctor visits, and expensive. Antibiotic resistance doesn’t mean the body is becoming resistant to antibiotics.
Antibiotic resistance has the potential to affect individuals at any stage of life.No one will altogether avoid the risk of resistant infections. However, some individuals are at higher risk than others (for example, individuals with chronic illnesses” disease which lasts for more than three months”).

If antibiotics lose their effect, then we tend to lose the power to treat infections and management public health threats.


History or Origin of Resistance and antibiotics

Penicillin, the first commercial antibiotic, was discovered in 1928 by Sir Alexander Fleming. Ever since there has been discovery and acknowledgment of resistance aboard the development of the latest antibiotics.

Germs can continuously look for ways in which to survive and resist new medicine. More and more, germs are sharing their resistance and creating it tougher for us to keep up.


How Antibiotic Resistance Happens

Antibiotics save lives; however, excessive use of antibiotics may cause side effects and cause antibiotic resistance.
Since the 1940s, antibiotics have significantly reduced health problem and death from infectious diseases. However, as we use medicine, germs develop defense methods against them, which makes the medication less effective.


How Germs Become Resistant

Antibiotic resistance

The icon shows many germs, some are drug-resistant.

You get an infection. There is a lot of bacterium creating you sick. A number of those bacteria are resistant to antibiotics.

Antibiotic resistance in Bacteria
The icon shows that antibiotics kill bacterium causing the sickness, as well as good bacteria, protect the body from infection.

Antibiotics kill the bacterium making you sick. However, the resistant bacterium is not destroyed. Antibiotics additionally kill the good bacterium which defends the body from infection.
Antibiotic resistance
The icon shows the drug-resistant bacterium are now allowed to grow and take over.

Resistant bacteria have defense methods that defend them from antibiotics. They multiply and continue to make you sick.
The icon shows that some bacteria provide their drug-resistance to the different bacterium, causing additional problems.
Antibiotic resistance in Bacteria

The resistant bacterium will provide their drug-resistance to the different bacterium. Antibiotics cannot treat your illness, and people will spread these resistant germs to others.


Germ Defense strategies

For survive, germs are continually finding new defense methods, known as “resistance mechanisms,” to avoid the effects of antibiotics.

Bacterium develops resistance mechanisms by using instructions provided by their DNA. Often, resistance genes are found inside plasmids, small pieces of DNA that carry genetic instructions from one germ to another.

This implies that some bacterium will share their DNA and create different germs become resistant.

Why are bacteria becoming resistant to antibiotics?

Overuse and misuse of antibiotics enable the development of antibiotic-resistant microorganism. Every time someone takes medicines, causes some good sensitive bacteria are killed.

However, resistant bacteria are left to grow and multiply. however, repeated use of antibiotics can increase the amount of drug-resistant bacteria.
Antibiotics don’t seem to be effective against viral infections, just like the cold, flu, most sore throats, bronchitis, and many sinuses and ear infections. Proper use of antibiotics is vital to controlling the spread of resistance.

How do bacteria become resistant to antibiotics?

Bacteria will become resistant to antibiotics in many ways. Some bacteria will “neutralize” an antibiotic by changing it in an approach that makes it harmless. Others have learned a way to pump an antibiotic back outside of the bacteria before it will do any harm.

Some bacteria will modification their outer structure that the antibiotic has no way to attach to the bacteria it’s designed to kill.
After being exposed to antibiotics, generally one of the bacteria will survive as a result of it found some way to resist the antibiotic.

If even one bacterium becomes resistant to antibiotics, it will then multiply and replace all the bacteria that were killed off. Which means that exposure to antibiotics provides selective pressure creating the extant bacteria more likely to be resistant.


Side effects of antibiotics

it’s essential only to take medicines for bacterial infections since they will place you or your kid in danger for harmful side effects and antibiotic-resistant infections.
Excessive use of antibiotics can cause side effects. Once antibiotics aren’t required, they won’t help you, and therefore the side effects may hurt you.
Common side effects vary from minor to very severe health problems and include:
  • Dizziness
  • Nausea
  • Diarrhea
  • Yeast infections
More severe side effects will include:
Clostridium difficile infection (also known as C. difficile or C. diff) that causes diarrhea which will cause severe colon damage and death.

People may have severe and dangerous allergies.

If viruses infect bacteria, what infects viruses?

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