Ebola virus disease, Cause, Symptoms and Treatment

Ebola virus disease

Ebola virus disease (EVD), some time called as known as Ebola hemorrhagic fever, is an extreme, regularly deadly ailment influencing people. This virus is transmitted to individuals from wild animals, (for example, fruit bats, porcupines and non-human primates) and afterwards spread in the human populace through direct contact with the blood, secretions, organs or other bodily fluids of infected people, and with surfaces and materials (for example, bedding, dressing) contaminated with these liquids.

The normal EVD (Ebola virus disease) case fatality rate is around 50%. Case fatality rates have shifted from 25% to90% in past episodes.

The first EVD flare-ups happened in quite a while in Central Africa, close to tropical rainforests. The 2014–2016 flare-up in West Africa was the most significant and most complex Ebola episode since the infection was first seen in 1976.

There were a more substantial number of cases and death in this episode than all others joined.

ebola virus disease


The incubation period is the time interval from infection with the virus to onset of symptoms is from 2 to 21 days. An individual infected with Ebola can’t spread the disease until they create side effects or symptoms.

Symptoms of EVD include-:

  • headache,
  • fever,
  • fatigue,
  • muscle,
  • diarrhoea,
  • pain,
  • and sore throat.

These are followed by vomiting, rash, symptoms of impaired kidney and liver function, and in some cases, internal and external bleeding.

Laboratory findings include low white blood cell and platelet counts and elevated liver enzymes.

It can be difficult to clinically distinguish EVD(Ebola virus disease) from other infectious diseases such as malaria, meningitis and typhoid fever.

A range of diagnostic tests has developed to confirm the presence of the virus.

Treatment and Prevention

There is no demonstrated treatment for Ebola virus yet, but simple interventions early on can significantly improve the chances of survival.

These include rehydration with liquids and body salts (given orally or intravenously) and treatment of specific symptoms such as diarrhoea, low blood pressure, vomiting, and infections.

Hand cleanliness is the best method to avert the spread of the Ebola infection.

An experimental Ebola vaccine refers as rVSV-ZEBOV proved highly protective against the deadly virus in a major trial in Guinea in 2015.

A trial Ebola antibody was known as rVSV-ZEBOVdemonstrated profoundly defensive against the destructive infection in a noteworthy preliminary in Guinea in 2015. It is being utilized in the present episode in the congo.

Also, read Nipah virus disease If a virus infects bacteria, what infect viruses?

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