Mosquito is one of the dangerous carriers of diseases. They can carry and spread diseases. So according to The National Institute for Occupational Safety and Health (NIOSH), Mosquito-borne disease mainly occurred or scattered by the bite of an infected mosquito. The disease that is primarily spread by the mosquitos is West Nile virus, Chikungunya virus, dengue, Zika virus, and protozoal infection.
According to WHO(World Health Organization), in 2015 cause of malaria 4,30,000 people have died worldwide. A mosquito is known as Aedes aegypti transmitted disease like Zika, dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever to the human being. A mosquito spreads west Nile Virus is Culex pipiens, Culex tarsalis, and Culex quinquefasciatu. These mosquitos are active during the night and infection mainly seen at the time of summer.
The female anopheles mosquito causes malaria.
The Zika virus is a mosquito-borne disease and spread by the mosquito Aedes aegypti. This mosquito also causes dengue, chikungunya, and yellow fever to the human being.
According to WHO(World Health Organization), cause of zika virus number of the pregnant woman are affected in 2016, and they declared Zika virus to be a global medical emergency.
The virus is transmitted once a mosquito bites an infected person, that then bites others. It may also spread from a pregnant woman to her baby. Additionally, the virus has also been found to spread through sexual intercourse, and a few studies determined the presence of the virus within the saliva, blood, urine, and eye fluid of an infected person.
Symptoms might show up any time from 3-14 days once a mosquito bites a person and might stay for many days to a week.
Though most infected individuals will not show any symptoms, a very few numbers of a person like about 1 in fifth might show the following signs, that may vary from mild to severe: Fever, Headache, Rash, Joint pain, muscle pain, Pink eye, etc.
There is no vaccine and treatment available forb zika virus infection.
Protection against mosquito bites throughout the day and early evening may be a key measure to prevent Zika viral infection. Particular attention should be given for the prevention of mosquito bites to pregnant women or women of reproductive age, and young kids.
Both affected and unaffected person wears personal protection measures like wearing clothing that covers the maximum amount of the body, using physical barriers like window screens and closed doors and windows and applying repellent to skin or clothing that contains DEET, IR3535 or icaridin according to the product label instructions.
Young kids and pregnant women should sleep under mosquito nets if sleeping throughout the day or early evening. Travellers and people living in affected areas should take similar necessary precautions described above to protect themselves from mosquito bites.
Aedes mosquitoes breed in a small area of water around homes, schools, and work sites. It is necessary to eliminate these mosquito breeding sites, including covering water storage containers, removing standing water in flower pots, and cleanup up trash and used tires.
During pregnancy, the virus will cause severe congenital disabilities(birth defect), like abnormalcy (babies born with abnormally small heads), brain damage, and Guillain-Barre syndrome. Additionally, it may also cause miscarriage and abortion. Hence, pregnant women are suggested to steer away from areas which are vulnerable to Zika virus risks.
Zika virus also transmitted through sexual activity. Those women who have had unprotected sex and don’t would like to become pregnant because of issues about Zika virus infection should have ready access to emergency contraceptive services and counselling. Pregnant ladies should practice safer sex, including the correct and consistent use of condoms.